The Library Program fosters a lifelong passion for knowledge, understanding and service, by providing an atmosphere conducive to study and a flexible, multi-faceted program that emphasizes thinking, inquiry, and information literacy skills.

Need Assistance?

Director of Libraries
Middle School Librarian

Upper School Librarian

Lower School Librarian

Librarian Assistant


The library has two branches: the Lower School Library and the Middle/Upper School Library. A single, unified catalog (OPAC) serves both. Students, faculty, staff, and parents are welcome to check books out from either branch.

The library collections include about 27,000 volumes, plus approximately 800 videos, and 60 periodicals in hard copy. Additionally, the library has access to hundreds of other reference sources and periodicals through e-books and online databases covering the arts, sciences, history, biography, literature, general and scholarly periodicals and historical newspapers.

The Lower School Library is open throughout the school day for scheduled classes and drop-ins. The Middle/Upper School Library is open before and after school as well. The catalog and databases are accessible online 24 hours a day.

Library Resources


OPAC Database


To access any of the sources listed below, visit Resource Links.

  • American Decades Primary Sources, 10v, 2004
  • American Home Front in World War II, 4v, 2005
  • Arts and Humanities Through the Eras, 5v, 2005
  • Careers and Occupations: Looking to the Future, 2007
  • Crime and Punishment: Essential Primary Sources, 2006
  • Death and Dying: End-of-Life Controversies, 2006
  • Encyclopedia of Clothing and Fashion, 3v, 2005
  • Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2nd ed., 23v, 2004
  • Endangered Species: Protecting Biodiversity, 2007
  • Environmental Issues: Essential Primary Sources, 2006
  • Family in Society: Essential Primary Sources, 2007
  • Feminism in Literature: A Gale Critical Companion, 6v, 2005
  • Gender Issues and Sexuality: Essential Primary Sources, 2006
  • Gilded Age and Progressive Era Reference Library, 4v, 2007
  • Government, Politics, and Protest: Essential Primary Sources, 2007
  • Health and Wellness: Illness Among Americans, 2007
  • Human and Civil Rights: Essential Primary Sources, 2007
  • Immigration and Multiculturalism: Essential Primary Sources, 2007
  • Literary Themes for Students: Race and Prejudice, 2v, 2007
  • Literature and Its Times Supplement 1: Profiles of 300 Notable Literary Works and the Historical Events that Influenced Them, 2v, 2003
  • Literature and Its Times: Profiles of 300 Notable Literary Works and the Historical Events that Influenced Them, 5v, 1997
  • Major Acts of Congress, 3v, 2004
  • Medicine, Health, and Bioethics: Essential Primary Sources, 2006
  • Minorities: Race and Ethnicity in America, 2007
  • Roaring Twenties Reference Library, 2v, 2006
  • Social Policy: Essential Primary Sources, 2007
  • Space Exploration: Triumphs and Tragedies, 2007
  • St. James Encyclopedia of Labor History Worldwide, 2v, 2003
  • St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, 5v, 2000
  • Terrorism: Essential Primary Sources, 2006
  • U.S. Immigration and Migration Reference Library, 6v, 2004
  • Vietnam War Reference Library, 5v, 2001
  • Weight in America: Obesity, Eating Disorders, and Other Health Risks, 2007
  • World Eras, Vol. 1 : European Renaissance and Reformation, 1350-1600, 2001
  • World Eras, Vol. 2 : Rise and Spread of Islam, 622-1500, 2002
  • World Eras, Vol. 3 : Roman Republic and Empire, 264 B.C.E.- 476 C.E., 2001
  • World Eras, Vol. 4 : Medieval Europe, 814-1350, 2002
  • World Eras, Vol. 5 : Ancient Egypt, 2615 - 332 B.C.E., 2002
  • World Eras, Vol. 6 : Classical Greek Civilization, 800-323 B.C.E, 2001
  • World Eras, Vol. 7 : Imperial China, 617-1644, 2003
  • World Eras, Vol. 8 : Ancient Mesopotamia, 3300-331 B.C.E., 2005
  • World Eras, Vol. 9 : Industrial Revolution in Europe, 1750-1914, 2003
  • World Eras, Vol. 10 : West African Kingdoms, 500-1590, 2004
  • World Poverty, 2007
  • World War II Reference Library , 5v, 2000

Gale Power Search

Electronic Resources

RCDS subscribes to almost 50 online databases, journals, media collections, encyclopedias and more. Whatever you are researching, the electronic resources are a great place to start.

View Our Electronic Resources


Available in the Klingenstein Library

  • American Girl
  • Art News
  • Arts & Activities
  • Ceramics Monthly
  • Consumer Reports
  • Cooks Illustrated
  • Discovery Girls
  • Magazine
  • Ebony
  • Faces
  • Green America
  • Green Teacher
  • Independent School
  • Kids Discover
  • Little Player
  • Make
  • Mindful
  • National Geographic
  • National Geographic Kids
  • New York Review of Books
  • New Yorker
  • Nutrition Action Newsletter
  • Popular Science
  • Rolling Stone
  • Science
  • Science News
  • Sports Illustrated
  • Sports Illustrated for Kids
  • Teen Vogue
  • The WEEK
  • Time
  • Westchester Magazine
  • Yes!

Available in the Lower School Library

  • American Girl
  • Appleseeds
  • Chickadee
  • Click
  • Horn Book
  • Instructor
  • Ladybug
  • Muse
  • National Geographic Kids
  • Plays
  • Ranger Rick
  • Ranger Rick Jr.
  • Reading Teacher
  • Your Big Backyard

Virtual Libraries

Virtual Libraries are subject-specific, quality controlled gateways to excellent Web resources. Find links to thousands of websites or answers to basic reference questions.

Librarians Index to the Internet (LII) is searchable, annotated subject directory of more than 9,000 Internet resources selected and evaluated by librarians for their usefulness to users of public libraries. LII is used by librarians and the general public as a reliable and efficient guide to internet resources.

Federal Resources for Excellence in Education (FREE)
Primary sources and other resources in Art & Music, History, Science, Math, Language Arts and Health.

World Newspapers Online
All kinds of information from and about federal and state government agencies for citizens, employees, businesses and visitors


The library has created pathfinders dedicated to helping you research certain topics.

  1. US History
  2. Egypt

Big Six Research Model


The BIG6 is a six-step model for doing any kind of research, or for solving any information problem. An information problem may be as simple as deciding what to have to dinner, or more complex, like planning a party or vacation, or writing a major paper. Each of these situations requires you to figure things out based on information you have or you need, and putting all these parts together. By using the Big6 steps, you can "solve" the information problem.

Using the BIG6

Doing research efficiently and effectively requires thoughtful planning much like planning a trip. There are six steps, and all need to be included. You will find, however, that once you get started you may go back and revise work you did in a previous step.

What's it Good For?

Planning a trip

Planning a party
Doing a great job on your homework
Writing a major paper

Define Plan Locate Use Synthesize Evaluate = DPLUSE


Learn how to create your Bibliography or Works Cited page.
Visit the BIG 6TM Home Page

Six Steps

1. Define

Define the task or information problem: Can you restate the assignment in your own words? Ask yourself: What do I already know (or think I know) and what do I need to find out? Create questions about what you need to learn: You will look for the answers as you research. If you are having trouble creating your questions, or if you really don't know very much about your topic, find your main topic in an encyclopedia and read that first. Note key ideas and words important to your topic. Be sure to check bold headings for organizational ideas. Develop a list of key words: make a web or diagram using the words (and their synonyms) to show their relationship to each other. That will help you look for information in indexes and electronic sources. Write your thesis statement or "statement of controlling purpose." This will be your focus as you look for answers to your questions.

2. Plan

Plan your strategy. Ask yourself: What type of resources do I need?
List the most appropriate, from general (encyclopedias, almanac, atlas, etc) to specific (specialized encyclopedias, biographical sources, newspapers/magazine articles, interviews, monographs, reports or research, transcripts, films etc.) Don' forget people who may be knowledgeable about your problem! Think about format, currency, usefulness, and availability. If you plan to use the Internet, be prepared to evaluate your source for reliability, and authority. Use your keywords to create search queries for use in electronic sources like databases and search engines.

3. Locate

Locate your sources. Find the information within.
Books: Use the OPAC to locate books. (Turning on One Search function will also locate articles from electronic databases.) [link:]. Collect appropriate sources using the "Bookbag" tool that can be printed out.
Examine the bibliographic record (listing in the catalog, or "CIP" on the back of the title page) for other subject headings you can use. With your questions in mind, and your keywords at hand, check the table of contents and the index. Check for a bibliography or "suggested further readings" or "related articles."

Electronic Databases: Use your keywords to search for articles on your topic. Constructing a good Boolean [LINK to Boolean Searching page] search with several keywords can help you find specific and relevant results. Student Resource Center also has overview articles and reference materials. Several databases will lead you to reliable Internet sites as well.
Internet sites: Unless you have been directed otherwise, this should probably be your last stop. Use a directory like Yahoo to find material on your subject. With a carefully constructed search expression use one or more search engines. (You will often get different results from different engines.) No one engine covers the whole web. Be sure to read the search tips for that engine.

4. Use

Use your sources to gather information that provides background or answers specific questions you posed in step #1 (DEFINE). Search for the answers to your questions.
Read carefully, then close the source and record main ideas, and supporting details. Be sure to record page numbers.If you choose to record a direct quote, put " " around it in your notes.Organize your notes according to general topics you want to cover.
Record bibliographic information [LINK to Creating a Works Cited or Bibliography] accurately, and be sure to put page numbers on your note cards for use in documenting sources. Remember, your journey may take unexpected turns, and you may find yourself asking new questions and discarding others.

5. Synthesize

Synthesize your findings. Sort your notes so that all the notes about the same topic are together. See what ground you have covered, and check to see that you have answered your questions posed in DEFINE. Arrange your outline according to your teacher's specifications. Make sure it follows a logical progression and that you have supporting details for every main idea. Now it is time to write your paper (report, presentation). Be sure that your main idea statements are supported by examples and details. Keep your thesis or "statement of controlling purpose" in mind.

6. Evaluate

Evaluate your work--the product and the process:
Ask yourself: Have I completed all parts of the assignment?
Have I presented the final work in the appropriate format, according to the assignment?
What worked well as I conducted my research?
Did I plan my time wisely?
What sources proved the most helpful?
What frustrations did I encounter?
What could I do to prevent those in the future?
Did I take advantage of available help in a timely fashion? (teacher, librarian, group members)
The answers to these questions should help you understand how you work, what you did that was constructive, what wasted your time, and what things you should do differently next time.

Citation Tools

Noodle Tools!

Noodle Tools is an excellent note-taking and documentation program which enables you to extract, organize, synthesize and properly cite iresources that you find during the research process. Keeping track of your sources could not be easier!

To access Noodle Tools, simply click the link below:

You will be prompted to enter a username and password:

Username: RCDSLibrary
Password: wildcat

Each user must create a "personal folder" (i.e., select a personal ID and password) by clicking the "Create a Personal ID" button on the login screen. Once this is completed, you will have your own account to keep track of all of your research materials. How sweet is that!

Endnotes and Footnotes

For research papers in Languages and the Social Sciences, footnotes or endnotes are usually required to document sources. These may be in addition to or instead of a Bibliography, according to your teacher's requirements. This sheet uses the word "footnote," but if endnotes are acceptable, all the same rules apply. Endnotes are found at the end of the paper, on a separate sheet, instead of at the bottom of the page where the quote or paraphrase appears.

General rules:
1) A footnote is required whenever you are using a direct quote from another source, or a paraphrase that depends on the source for its ideas. EX:
"In speech after speech, Douglass told of the horrors of slavery and called for its immediate abolition." [direct quote]

Frederick Douglass, though born a slave, escaped to Massachusetts where he was often acclaimed as an ardent abolitionist and gifted speaker. [Many facts gleaned from a page on Douglass' life, and condensed to a single sentence.]

2) A footnote contains the same information as the bibliographic entries, plus page numbers where appropriate. (See footnote 2, below.) It is presented in a different format. The author's name goes in natural order, and punctuation is different.

3) Footnotes are numbered consecutively throughout the paper, starting from 1, formatted in superscript Arabic numerals without any other symbols, slashes, dashes, etc. The numbers follow punctuation marks.

4) Most word processing programs now have insert commands for automatically including the consecutive numbering and then providing a space at the bottom of the page for you to create the footnote as you go. The program remembers what number you are up to!

5) Footnotes, unlike bibliographic entries, are indented on the first line to help distinguish it from the text. If the program does not indent the footnote, you must do it manually.

6) After the first note for a source, subsequent notes need only have the author's last name and the page number. If you have more than one source written by the same author, use the author's last name, title, and page number.


Based on MLA handbook, 6th edition

Book, one author
1 Adam Hochschild, King Leopold's Ghost (Boston : Houghton Mifflin, 1998) 92.

Book, 2-3 authors
2 James W. Marquart, Sheldon Ekland Olson, and Jonathan R. Sorenson, The Rope, the Chair, and the Needle: Capital Punishment in Texas, 1923-1990 (
Austin: U of Texas Press, 1994) 52-57.

Book, more than 3 authors
3 John Barton et al. The Hollow Crown (New York: Dial Press, 1971) 86.

Book, editor
4 Jocelyn Murray, ed. Cultural Atlas of Africa (New York : Facts on File, 1982) 34-35.

Article in encyclopedia
5 H. J. McPherson, "Valleys," World Book Encyclopedia, 2002 ed.

Article in a magazine
6 Roff Smith, "Antarctica," National Geographic, December 2001: 19.

Anonymous article
7 "The decade of the Spy," Newsweek 7 Mar. 1994: 26-27.

Online Encyclopedia (cut and paste the URL from the site)
8 "China," Encyclopædia Britannica. 2006. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 3 June 2006 .

Online database (SIRS, Students Resource Center, CIAO, etc)
9 Marshall Breger and George Weigel, Special Policy Forum Report: The Vatican And The Middle East - Pope John Paul II's Trip To The Holy Land,The Washington Institute for Near East Policy March 17, 2000, CIAO, RCDS Library, 23 May 2006 .

10 "Secretary Norton Will Announce Boost toe Renewable Energy at California Wind Energy Site Tomorrow," U. S. Department of the Interior News, 17 January 2002. 24 January 2002 .

Chicago Manual of Style Quick Guide