Upper School Curriculum Guide
Note: This year, students will be registering for courses with their Advisor. We encourage students and families to make use of the Curriculum Guide to investigate their choices, check prerequisites, and confirm entry requirements. Current teachers, Department Chairs, and Grade Deans should also be consulted as resources. As we are distance teaching and learning through RCDS@home, when you read the below policies, please disregard references to signatures, signups, conversations, and approvals. Once course selections are made, each Department will review them in order to approve or recommend another approach.
Overview
Overview
The mathematics curriculum is characterized by depth, breadth, and flexibility. These qualities enable students to pursue the study of mathematics as far as they are able while also enjoying the process.
Algebra 1, Geometry, and Algebra 2 & Trigonometry are required of all students. These courses encourage students to be creative, precise, and rigorous when dealing with abstract concepts. For students who have acquired the necessary concepts and skills, various elective courses are offered. Most students follow the traditional analysis sequence through Precalculus and Calculus.
Curricular Sequence
Curricular Sequence
Grade 9  Grade 10  Grade 11  Grade 12 
Algebra 1  Geometry  Alg 2/Trig  Statistics Precalc 
Advanced Geometry  Advanced Alg 2/Trig 
Advanced Precalc 

Algebra 1  Advanced Geometry Advanced Alg 2/Trig 
Advanced Precalc  AB Calculus AP Statistics 
Geometry Advanced Geometry 
Alg 2/Trig Advanced Alg 2/Trig 
Precalc* Advanced Precalc 
Calculus AB Calculus AP Statistics 
Honors Geometry  Honors Alg 2/Trig Advanced Alg 2/Trig 
Honors Precalc Advanced Precalc AP Statistics 
BC Calculus** AB Calculus AP Statistics 
Honors Alg 2/Trig  Honors Precalc  BC Calculus** AP Statistics 
Multivariable Calculus Linear Algebra AP Statistics 
* Precalc does not lead students to AB Calculus in the following year, but may lead students to regular Calculus, with departmental approval.
** Students may enter BC Calculus from Honors Precalc with departmental approval.
 AP Statistics is another advanced offering, to be taken upon completion of Advanced Alg 2/Trig, with department approval.
 Students taking AP Calculus AB or BC may concurrently take Linear Algebra in grade 12.
 AP Statistics is offered for juniors and seniors only, Statistics and Linear Alegebra are only offered for seniors.
Policies
Policies
COURSE SELECTION GUIDELINES
Students selecting the appropriate math course for next year should consult the handbook for the prerequisites and MUST obtain the signature for approval from their current math teacher. Students wishing to take 2 or more math classes in one year MUST obtain a signature from Dr. Gueye (Room 330). Students wishing to sign up for AP Statistics or Linear Algebra MUST sign up on the sheets posted outside room 300.
AP HOMEWORK GUIDELINES
AP Calculus AB: Students should expect to spend about 45 minutes of focused time on daily homework preparation.
BC Calculus: Homework (nongraded) 45 minutes of focused time (+/ 15 minutes) each night.
AP Stats: 3045 minutes of focused homework time 5 days per cycle, excluding assessment prep or projects.
DEPARTMENTAL POLICIES REGARDING ENTRY INTO HONORS/AP COURSES
A graphing calculator (a Texas Instruments TI84 Plus or TI83 Plus) is required in the second semester of the geometry course and the subsequent courses to enhance the study of the algebraic, geometric, and numeric representations of problems.
 Admissions into an Honors Math class is dependent upon all three of the following:
 Recommendation from the teacher of the previous course.
 Yearend grade of A+ from a regular section;
Yearend grade of B from an Honors Geometry section;
Yearend grade of B+ from an Honors Algebra 2 & Trigonometry section;
An equivalent yearend grade from the Middle School  Signature of the department chair, who may require a placement test
 For entry to AP Calculus AB courses, a student must have
 Recommendation of the current Advanced Precalculus teacher and the math department
 Minimum grade of 85 on the March exam in Advanced Precalculus
 Minimum average of 85 for the second semester in Advanced Precalculus
 A student in Honors Precalculus needs a B or better to continue into AP Calculus BC.
 Any accelerated student in Honors Precalculus needs an A or better to continue directly to AP Calculus BC.
 For entry to AP Statistics, a student must have
 Approval of the math department
 Minimum year grade of:
B in Advanced Precalculus or A in Advanced Algebra 2 & Trigonometry.
B in Honors Precalculus or Honors Algebra 2 & Trigonometry.
A in Precalculus.
 For entry into Linear Algebra, a student must have
 Approval of the math department
 Concurrent enrollment in AP Calculus AB or BC or completion of AP Calculus AB or BC
 Minimum year grade of A in Advanced Precalculus
 For entry into Multivariable Calculus, a student must have:
 Approval of the math department
 Completion of AP Calculus BC or an equivalent collegelevel course
 A student who takes Advanced Algebra 2 & Trigonometry in the 11th grade and who wishes to take nonAP Calculus in the senior year may do so if the student meets the following criteria:
 Minimum grade of B in Advanced Algebra 2 & Trigonometry
 Prior approval as obtained in a meeting with the math department chair
 Completion of a preapproved summer precalculus course
 For maintenance of placement in an honors or AP course during the school year, the policy is as follows: If any honors or AP student receives a grade below B at the end of the first quarter or first semester, the course teacher, in consultation with the department head, will review the placement. The decision to transfer a student from an AP or honors course will be made jointly by the Principal, the department head, the section teacher, the advisor, and the student.
 Entrance into 9th grade Geometry from the Middle School requires a minimum year grade equivalent to C+.
The Mathematics Department does not consider it appropriate for students to bypass any of the courses in the Upper School sequence; however, qualified students who wish to accelerate may take our Geometry and Algebra 2 courses concurrently. This requires approval of the department.
Courses
Mathematics Courses
 ALGEBRA 1
 GEOMETRY
 ADVANCED GEOMETRY
 HONORS GEOMETRY
 ALGEBRA 2 AND TRIGONOMETRY
 ADVANCED ALGEBRA 2 AND TRIGONOMETRY
 HONORS ALGEBRA 2 AND TRIGONOMETRY
 PRECALCULUS
 ADVANCED PRECALCULUS
 HONORS PRECALCULUS
 STATISTICS
 AP STATISTICS
 CALCULUS
 AP CALCULUS AB
 AP CALCULUS BC
 LINEAR ALGEBRA
 MULTIVARIABLE CALCULUS
ALGEBRA 1
This course includes the following topics: properties of real numbers and their applications, linear equations and inequalities in one and two variables, exponents, radicals, factoring, rational expressions, solving quadratic equations including the quadratic formula, and graphing in the coordinate plane. Emphasis is placed on developing strong skills and independent thinking. (1 unit; Grades 9, 10; prerequisite: simplification, evaluation, solving and graphing linear equations and inequalities in one variable, factoring a common monomial, and verbal applications.)
GEOMETRY
This course studies the properties of plane figures including parallel and perpendicular lines, congruent and similar triangles, polygons, circles, right triangle trigonometry, areas, and volumes, as well as introductions to solid and coordinate geometry. This course provides a thorough study of the topics in geometry that will be necessary for the successful study of Advanced Algebra 2/Trigonometry and future courses, as well as the SAT and ACT exams. The emphasis is to apply geometric postulates and theorems to the numerical solution of problems. Students will also learn to develop proofs by working with modified proofs. The Geometer's Sketchpad software is used throughout the course as a discovery tool and supports the material covered. The course will stress the importance of developing strong algebraic skills. (1 unit; Grades 9, 10)
ADVANCED GEOMETRY
This course studies the properties of plane figures including parallel and perpendicular lines, congruent and similar triangles, polygons, circles, right triangle trigonometry, areas, and volumes, as well as introductions to solid and coordinate geometry. Throughout the course, the student's ability to develop and present formal proofs is systematically strengthened and expanded through the use of deductive reasoning. The Geometer's Sketchpad software is used throughout the course as a discovery tool and supports the material covered. A review of Algebra 1 is included using equations based on geometric theorems. (1 unit; Grades 9, 10)
HONORS GEOMETRY
ALGEBRA 2 AND TRIGONOMETRY
ADVANCED ALGEBRA 2 AND TRIGONOMETRY
This course includes a study of linear, quadratic, and polynomial functions, systems of equations in two and three variables, inequalities, complex numbers, variation, conic sections, exponential and logarithmic functions, and trigonometric functions. The focus is on the representation of problems algebraically, numerically, and graphically. Applications include an introduction to data analysis, regression and modelling. (1 unit; Grades 10, 11; Department approval is required.)
HONORS ALGEBRA 2 AND TRIGONOMETRY
This course consists of a thorough and fastpaced study of algebra and an extensive study of trigonometry. Its emphasis is on the structure of mathematical systems and their underlying concepts. The focus is on the representation of problems algebraically and graphically. Applications include an introduction to data analysis. Strong algebraic skills are presumed. (1 unit; Grades 10, 11; Department approval is required.)
PRECALCULUS
The central theme of this course is functions as models of change. Functions can be grouped into families (linear, exponential, power, and periodic, polynomial, and rational) and used as models for realworld behavior. Providing numerical and graphical approaches, in addition to the algebraic, gives students several ways of mastering the material. This is a Precalculus course at a less rigorous level and does not constitute preparation for Advanced Placement Calculus or Advanced Placement Statistics. (1 unit; Grade 11, 12; Department approval is required.)
ADVANCED PRECALCULUS
This course extends the content of algebra through advancedlevel consideration of various functions and develops skill in mathematical analysis. Polynomial, rational, exponential, logarithmic, and circular functions are considered along with the study of analytic geometry, polar coordinates, and sequences and series. This course is specifically designed as a preparation for AB Calculus and is a prerequisite for AB Calculus. (1 unit; Grades 11, 12; Department approval is required.)
HONORS PRECALCULUS
This course is a highly theoretical, rigorous, and integrated approach to the study of the algebraic and transcendental functions. The functions studied include the polynomial, rational, linear and quadratic, trigonometric and inverse trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential, and sequence functions. The course is specifically designed as a preparation for BC Calculus; therefore, the concepts and notation needed in BC Calculus are developed and stressed throughout the year. The course demands independence, creativity, and highly developed algebra skills. (1 unit; Grade 10, 11; Department approval is required.)
STATISTICS
This course is an introduction to the fundamental concepts of statistics involved in collecting, displaying, summarizing, and drawing inferences from data. Topics include exploratory data analysis, design of surveys and experiments, sampling distributions, estimation, and significance testing. Students frequently work on projects involving the handson gathering and analysis of data that are applicable to their daily lives and realworld events. In the spring, students apply what they have learned in the course by designing, conducting, and analyzing their own studies. Calculators and computers are used to assist in understanding the major concepts of the course. Open only to seniors. (1 unit; Grade 12)
AP STATISTICS
Today's society places increasing importance on data analysis using computers, calculators, graphs and charts in many areas, ranging from the sciences to business. This is a mathematics course with an interdisciplinary approach. The course is divided into four major themes: exploratory analysis, planning considerations, probability, and statistical inference. Students, individually or in small groups, plan and perform data collection and analyses with opportunities to share questions and conclusions. Projects that include writing a statistical report encourage interdisciplinary connections and realworld applications. The graphing calculator and computer software will facilitate the production of graphs and statistical computations. This course will prepare students for the Advanced Placement Statistics examination. (1 unit; grades 11, 12; Department approval is required. Students in grade 11 must concurrently take Precalculus.)
CALCULUS
This is a study of elementary calculus without the pressure of adhering to the Advanced Placement Calculus curriculum. The course focuses on working with functions represented in a variety of ways: graphical, numerical, analytical, or verbal. Topics include analysis of graphs, limits, the concept and applications of the derivative, the Fundamental Theorem, and interpretations and applications of integrals. (1 unit; Grade 11, 12; Department approval is required.)
AP CALCULUS AB
This is an Advanced Placement course in preparation for the Calculus AB examination. The course focuses on working with functions represented in a variety of ways: graphical, numerical, analytical, or verbal. Topics include analysis of graphs, limits, the concept and applications of the derivative, the Fundamental Theorem, and interpretations and applications of integrals. (1 unit; Grade 11, 12; Department approval is required.)
AP CALCULUS BC
This is an Advanced Placement course in preparation for the Calculus BC examination. In addition to those listed under Calculus AB, the following topics are covered: numerical and graphical solutions of differential equations; parametric, polar and vector functions; improper integrals; polynomial approximations; and series. (1 unit; Grade 11, 12; Department approval is required.)
LINEAR ALGEBRA
Linear Algebra is a rigorous study of vectors, matrices, and linear systems in two and three dimensions from both a practical and an abstract point of view. Topics include GaussJordan elimination, determinants, Euclidean, general and complex vector spaces, eigenvalues, eigenvectors and QR decomposition. Open only to seniors. (1 unit; Grade 12; Department approval is required. See policies tab)
MULTIVARIABLE CALCULUS
Multivariable Calculus involves the calculus of functions of more than one variable: vector algebra and vector calculus; lines and hyperplanes in ndimensional space; partial derivatives and optimization; multiple integrals, and coordinate transformations; line and surface integrals; Green's Theorem, Stokes' Theorem, and Gauss' Divergence Theorem. This course lays the groundwork for a variety of applications in physics, engineering, probability, and statistics, which will be included as time and scheduling permit.